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NCAST Teaching Scale

ncast

02

The parent selects an activity (e.g., stacking blocks) that his or her infant cannot perform and then helps the infant to perform the task using supplies provided. Interaction will be coded from videotapes using the NCAST Scale by masked raters yielding 6 subscales: parent sensitivity to cues, parent response to infant's distress, parent social-emotional growth fostering, parent cognitive growth fostering, infant clarity of cues, and infant initiation and responsiveness to caregiver. A contingency subscale measures the amount and quality of parental contingent behavior based on 73 binary items that produce two summary scores, one for the parent and one for the infant. Total infant and parent scores can be derived. As defined by Dr. Sally Rogers' group.

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Element NameData TypeSizeRequiredDescriptionValue RangeNotesAliases
subjectkeyGUIDRequiredThe NDAR Global Unique Identifier (GUID) for research subjectNDAR*
src_subject_idString20RequiredSubject ID how it's defined in lab/project
interview_dateDateRequiredDate on which the interview/genetic test/sampling/imaging was completed. MM/DD/YYYYRequired fieldAddate, NCTDATE
interview_ageIntegerRequiredAge in months at the time of the interview/test/sampling/imaging.0 :: 1260Age is rounded to chronological month. If the research participant is 15-days-old at time of interview, the appropriate value would be 0 months. If the participant is 16-days-old, the value would be 1 month.ADagemos, NCTCAG
genderString20RequiredSex of the subjectM;FM = Male; F = FemaleNCTCSX, SEX
nctethIntegerRecommendedMother's ethnic heritage.1::16; -91 = African-American; 2 = Asian Indian or A.I.-American; 3 = Chinese or Chinese-American; 4 = Filipino or Filipino-American; 5 = Japanese or Japanese-American; 6 = Korean or Korean-American; 7 = Pacific Islander or P.I.-American; 8 = Vietnamese or Vietnamese-American; 9 = Other Asian; 10 = Cuban or Cuban-American; 11 = Mexican, Chicano, or Mexican-American; 12 = Puerto Rico; 13 = Other Hispanic/Latin; 14 = Native American or Alaskan Native; 15 = White/Caucasian (non-Hispanic); 16 = Other; -9 = Missing value
ethnic_groupString255RecommendedEthnic groupNCTETO
nctmarIntegerRecommendedMother's Marital/Partner status.0;1;-90 = Single; 1 = Married; -9 = Missing value
part_educationString100RecommendedParticipant's Current Education LevelDay care;Nursery;Preschool;Kindergarten;Elementary School;Secondary School;OtherNCTEDU
nctindIntegerRecommendedPerson observed is Mother, Father, other.0::2; -90 = Mother; 1 = Father; 2 = Other; -9 = Missing value
nctidoString250RecommendedIf person observed is not a parent, specify relationship.
nctmajIntegerRecommendedIs this person a major caregiver for the child?0; 1; -90 = No; 1 = Yes; -9 = Missing value
ncttskString250RecommendedName of task.
ncttimIntegerRecommendedLength of time teaching (in minutes).1::6; -91 = 1 minute or less; 2 = 2 minutes; 3 = 3 minutes; 4 = 4 minutes; 5 = 5 minutes; 6 = 6 minutes or more; -9 = Missing value
nctsetIntegerRecommendedSetting is Home, Clinic, other.0::2; -90 = Home; 1 = Clinic; 2 = Other; -9 = Missing value
nctstoString250RecommendedIf setting is not home or clinic, specify setting.
nctothIntegerRecommendedWere others present?0; 1; -90 = No; 1 = Yes; -9 = Missing value
nctotoString250RecommendedIf others were present, specify who.
fh13IntegerRecommendedBirth order0::13; 9999 = Missing valueNCTCBO
nctcstIntegerRecommendedChild's state at the beginning of teaching.1::6; -91 = Quiet sleep; 2 = Quiet alert; 3 = Active sleep; 4 = Active alert; 5 = Drowsy; 6 = Crying; -9 = Missing value
nct_cgfIntegerRecommendedNCAST Cognitive Growth Fostering-999 = Missing value
nct_pmeIntegerRecommendedNCAST Positive Mutual Engagement-999 = Missing value
nct_synIntegerRecommendedNCAST Synchony-999 = Missing value
nct_rtdIntegerRecommendedNCAST Response to Distress-999 = Missing value
nct_totIntegerRequiredNCAST Total-999 = Missing value
nct_totxrtdIntegerRequiredNCAST Total (excluding Resp to Distress)-999 = Missing value
nct01String10Recommended1. Caregiver positions child so child is safely supported.
Yes; No; missing
nct02String10Recommended2. Caregiver positions child so that child can reach and handle teaching materials.
Yes; No; missing
nct03String10Recommended3. Caregiver gets the child's attention before beginning the task, at the start of the teaching inte
Yes; No; missing
nct04String10Recommended4. Caregiver gives instruction only when child is attentive (90% of the time).
Yes; No; missing
nct05String10Recommended5. Caregiver allows child to explore the task material for at least fnre seconds before giving the f
Yes; No; missing
nct06String10Recommended6. Caregiver positions child so that it is possible for them to have eye-to-eye contact with one ano
Yes; No; missing
nct07String10Recommended7. Caregiver pauses when the child initiates behaviors during the teaching episode.
Yes; No; missing
nct08String10Recommended8. Caregiver praises child's successes or partial successes.
Yes; No; missing
nct09String10Recommended9. Caregiver asks for no more than three performances when child is successful at completing the tas
Yes; No; missing
nct10String10Recommended10. Caregiver changes position of child andlor materials after unsuccessful attempt by the child to
Yes; No; missing
nct11String10Recommended11. Caregiver avoids physically forcing the child to complete the task.
Yes; No; missing
nctpdString10RecommendedPotent disengagement cues observed:
Yes; No; missing
nct12String10Recommended12. Caregiver stops the teaching episode.
Yes; No; missing
nct13String10Recommended13. Caregiver makes positive, sympathetic, or soothing verbalization.
Yes; No; missing
nct14String10Recommended14. Caregiver changes voice volume to softer or higher pitch, does not yell.
Yes; No; missing
nct15String10Recommended15. Caregiver rearranges the child's position andlor task materials.
Yes; No; missing
nct16String10Recommended16. Caregiver makes soothing non-verbal response, e.g. pat, touch, rock, caress, kiss.
Yes; No; missing
nct17String10Recommended17. Caregiver diverts the child's attention by playing games, introduces a new toy.
Yes; No; missing
nct18String10Recommended18. Caregiver avoids making negative comments to the child.
Yes; No; missing
nct19String10Recommended19. Caregiver avoids yelling at the child.
Yes; No; missing
nct20String10Recommended20. Caregiver avoids using abrupt movements or rough handling.
Yes; No; missing
nct21String10Recommended21. Caregiver avoids slapping, hitting or spanking.
Yes; No; missing
nct22String10Recommended22. Caregiver avoids making negative comments to home visitor about the child.
Yes; No; missing
nct23String10Recommended23. Caregiver's body posture is relaxed during the teaching episode (90%).
Yes; No; missing
nct24String10Recommended24. Caregiver positions self face-to-face with the child during the teaching interaction (60%).
Yes; No; missing
nct25String10Recommended25. Caregiver laughs or smiles at child during the teaching interaction.
Yes; No; missing
nct26String10Recommended26. Caregiver gently pats, caresses, strokes, hugs, or kisses child during episode.
Yes; No; missing
nct27String10Recommended27. Caregiver smiles, or touches child within five seconds after the child smiles or vocalizes.
Yes; No; missing
nct28String10Recommended28. Caregiver praises child's efforts or behaviors broadly (in general) at least once during the epi
Yes; No; missing
nct29String10Recommended29. Caregiver makes cheerleading type statements to the child during the teaching interaction.
Yes; No; missing
nct30String10Recommended30. Caregiver avoids vocalizing to the child at the same time the child is vocalizing.
Yes; No; missing
nct31String10Recommended31. Caregiver avoids making general negative or uncomplimentary remarks about the child.
Yes; No; missing
nct32String10Recommended32. Caregiver avoids yelling at the child during the episode.
Yes; No; missing
nct33String10Recommended33. Caregiver avoids making critical or negative comments about the child's task performance.
Yes; No; missing
nct34String10Recommended34. Caregiver provides an immediate environment which is free from distractions from animate sources
Yes; No; missing
nct35String10Recommended35. Caregiver focuses attention and child's attention on the task during most of the teaching (60%).
Yes; No; missing
nct36String10Recommended36. After caregiver gives instructions, at least five seconds is allowed for the child to attempt th
Yes; No; missing
nct37String10Recommended37. Caregiver allows non-task manipulation of the task materials after the original presentation.
Yes; No; missing
nct38String10Recommended38. Caregiver describes perceptual qualities of the task materials to the child.
Yes; No; missing
nct39String10Recommended39. Caregiver uses at least two different sentences or phrases to describe the task to the child.
Yes; No; missing
nct40String10Recommended40. Caregiver uses explanatory verbal style more than imperative style in teaching the child.
Yes; No; missing
nct41String10Recommended41. Caregiver's directions are stated in clear, unambiguous language (i.e. ambiguous = "turn"; unamb
Yes; No; missing
nct42String10Recommended42. Caregiver uses both verbal description and modeling simultaneously in teaching any part of the t
Yes; No; missing
nct43String10Recommended43. Caregiver encourages and/or allows the child to perform the task at least once before intruding
Yes; No; missing
nct44String10Recommended44. Caregiver verbally praises child after child has performed better or more successfully than the
Yes; No; missing
nct45String10Recommended45. Caregiver smiles and/or nods at the child after child performs better or more successfully than
Yes; No; missing
nct46String10Recommended46. Caregiver responds to the child's vocalizations with a verbal response.
Yes; No; missing
nct47String10Recommended47. Caregiver uses both verbal and non-verbal instruction in teaching the child.
Yes; No; missing
nct48String10Recommended48. Caregiver uses the teaching loop at least once.
Yes; No; missing
nct49String10Recommended49. Caregiver signals completion of task to child verbally or nonverbally.
Yes; No; missing
nct50String10Recommended50. Caregiver spends no more than five minutes and not less than one minute in teaching the child th
Yes; No; missing
nct51String10Recommended51. Child is awake.
Yes; No; missing
nct52String10Recommended52. Child widens eyes and/or shows postural attention to task situation.
Yes; No; missing
nct53String10Recommended53. Child changes intensity or amount of motor activity when task material is presented.
Yes; No; missing
nct54String10Recommended54. Child's movements are clearly directed toward the task or task material or away from the task ma
Yes; No; missing
nct55String10Recommended55. Child makes clearly recognizable arm movements during the teaching episode (clapping, reaching,
Yes; No; missing
nct56String10Recommended56. Child vocalizes while looking at the task materials.
Yes; No; missing
nct57String10Recommended57. Child smiles or laughs during the episode.
Yes; No; missing
nct58String10Recommended58. Child grimaces or frowns during the teaching episode.
Yes; No; missing
nct59String10Recommended59. Child displays potent disengagement cues during the teaching interaction.
Yes; No; missing
nct60String10Recommended60. Child displays subtle disengagement cues during the teaching interaction.
Yes; No; missing
nct61String10Recommended61. Child gazes at caregiver's face or task materials after the caregiver has shown verbal or non-ve
Yes; No; missing
nct62String10Recommended62. Child attempts to engage caregiver in eye-to-eye contact.
Yes; No; missing
nct63String10Recommended63. The child looks at the caregiver's face or eyes when caregiver attempts to establish eye-to-eye
Yes; No; missing
nct64String10Recommended64. Child vocalizes or babbles within five seconds after caregiver's verbalization.
Yes; No; missing
nct65String10Recommended65. Child vocalizes or babbles within five seconds after caregiver's gesturing, touching or changing
Yes; No; missing
nct66String10Recommended66. Child smiles at caregiver within five seconds after caregiver's verbalization.
Yes; No; missing
nct67String10Recommended67. Child smiles at caregiver within five seconds after caregiver's gesture, touch, or facial expres
Yes; No; missing
nct68String10Recommended68. When caregiver moves closer than eight inches from the child's face the child shows some subtle
Yes; No; missing
nct69String10Recommended69. Child shows subtle and/or potent disengagement cues within five seconds after caregiver changes
Yes; No; missing
nct70String10Recommended70. Child shows subtle and/or potent disengagement cues within five seconds after caregiver's verbal
Yes; No; missing
nct71String10Recommended71. Child shows potent and/or subtle disengagement cues when caregiver attempts to intrude physicall
Yes; No; missing
nct72String10Recommended72. Child physically resists or responds aggressively when caregiver attempts to intrude physically
Yes; No; missing
nct73String10Recommended73. The child stops displaying potent disengagement cues within 15 seconds after caregiver's soothin
Yes; No; missing
nctsensIntegerRequiredSensitivity to Cues (Questions 1-11) Subscale Items0 :: 11; -9-9 = Missing value
nctsencIntegerRequiredSensitivity to Cues (Questions 1-11) Contingency Items0 :: 5; -9-9 = Missing value
nctdissIntegerRequiredResponse to Distress (Questions 12-22) Subscale Items0 :: 11; -9-9 = Missing value
nctdiscIntegerRequiredResponse to Distress (Questions 12-22) Contingency Items0 :: 6; -9-9 = Missing value
nctsgfsIntegerRequiredSocial-Emotional Growth Fostering (Questions 23-33) Subscale Items0 :: 11; -9-9 = Missing value
nctsgfcIntegerRequiredSocial-Emotional Growth Fostering (Questions 23-33) Contingency Items0 :: 3; -9-9 = Missing value
nctcgfsIntegerRequiredCognitive Growth Fostering (Questions 34-50) Subscale Items0 :: 17; -9-9 = Missing value
nctcgfcIntegerRequiredCognitive Growth Fostering (Questions 34-50) Contingency Items0 :: 6; -9-9 = Missing value
nctcgtsIntegerRequiredCaregiver Total (Questions 1-50) Subscale Items0 :: 50; -9-9 = Missing value
nctcgtcIntegerRequiredCaregiver Total (Questions 1-50) Contingency Items0 :: 20; -9-9 = Missing value
nctclasIntegerRequiredClarity of Cues (Questions 51-60) Subscale Items0 :: 10; -9-9 = Missing value
nctclacIntegerRequiredClarity of Cues (Questions 51-60) Contingency Items0; -9-9 = Missing value
nctcarsIntegerRequiredResponsiveness to Caregiver (Questions 61-73) Subscale Items0 :: 13; -9-9 = Missing value
nctcarcIntegerRequiredResponsiveness to Caregiver (Questions 61-73) Contingency Items0 :: 12; -9-9 = Missing value
nctchtsIntegerRequiredChild Total (Questions 51-73) Subscale Items0 :: 23; -9-9 = Missing value
nctchtcIntegerRequiredChild Total (Questions 51-73) Contingency Items0 :: 12; -9-9 = Missing value
nctbotsIntegerRequiredCaregiver and Child Total (Questions 1-73) Subscale Items0 :: 73; -9-9 = Missing value
nctbotcIntegerRequiredCaregiver and Child Total (Questions 1-73) Contingency Items0 :: 32; -9-9 = Missing value
nctpdbaString10RecommendedBack Arching
Yes; No; missing
nctpdchString10RecommendedChoking
Yes; No; missing
nctpdcoString10RecommendedCoughing
Yes; No; missing
nctpdcwString10RecommendedCrawling Away
Yes; No; missing
nctpdcrString10RecommendedCry Face
Yes; No; missing
nctpdcyString10RecommendedCrying
Yes; No; missing
nctpdfuString10RecommendedFussing
Yes; No; missing
nctpdhaString10RecommendedHalt Hand
Yes; No; missing
nctpdshString10RecommendedLateral Head Shake
Yes; No; missing
nctpdavString10RecommendedMaximal Lateral Gaze Aversion
Yes; No; missing
nctpdbeString10RecommendedOverhand Beating Movements
Yes; No; missing
nctpdskString10RecommendedPale/Red Skin
Yes; No; missing
nctpdplString10RecommendedPulling Away
Yes; No; missing
nctpdpuString10RecommendedPushing Away
Yes; No; missing
nctpdnoString10RecommendedSaying "No"
Yes; No; missing
nctpdspString10RecommendedSpitting
Yes; No; missing
nctpdupString10RecommendedSpitting Up
Yes; No; missing
nctpdpoString10RecommendedTray Pound
Yes; No; missing
nctpdvoString10RecommendedVomiting
Yes; No; missing
nctpdwaString10RecommendedWalking Away
Yes; No; missing
nctpdwhString10RecommendedWhining
Yes; No; missing
nctpdwdString10RecommendedWithdraw from Alert to Sleep State
Yes; No; missing
comments_miscString4,000RecommendedMiscellaneous comments on study, interview, methodology relevant to this form dataNCTCLIN
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This page displays the data structure defined for the measure identified in the title and structure short name. The table below displays a list of data elements in this structure (also called variables) and the following information:

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Distribution for DataStructure: ncast02 and Element:
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