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Collection Summary Collection Charts
Collection Title Collection Investigators Collection Description
Verbal/non-verbal asynchrony in adolescents with high-functioning Autism
Ruth B. Grossman 
Adolescents with high-functioning autism (HFA) have significant deficits in non-verbal social communication, which often lead to depression and social withdrawal. These deficits are particularly apparent in their ability to process and produce qualitatively appropriate facial expressions. It has been suggested that a lack of synchrony between verbal and non-verbal speech acts may significantly contribute to this social awkwardness. And yet, very little attention has been paid to the interaction between receptive and expressive non-verbal communication and their integration with verbal language. In the receptive domain, evidence from eyetracking studies increasingly shows that participants with HFA have subtle, qualitative differences in their scan paths for communicative facial expressions. Production of non-verbal communication in this population is still very poorly understood, but preliminary evidence points to expressions that are categorically accurate, but qualitatively awkward and less synchronous with verbal language than those of their typically developing (TD) peers. In a highly innovative approach the proposed project will quantify the qualitative differences of facial expression processing and production by adolescents with HFA. We will use eyetracking and motion-capture methodologies to record objective measures of facial expression production and processing and relate them to the subjective appearance of awkwardness recorded by TD peers. We will specifically aim to determine the contribution of an underlying verbal/non-verbal synchrony deficit in adolescents with HFA to this social communication awkwardness. Eyetracking and motion-capture data will be correlated with behavioral measures and diagnostic severity for each participant. Motion-capture data will also be correlated with judgments of awkwardness by TD observers and will analyze qualitative components for expressive and receptive social communication skills and their synchrony with verbal language. The importance of this work lies in establishing the relationship between specific, quantifiable features of non-verbal communication and the social communication success of each participant with HFA, as measured by symptom severity and by qualitative perceptions of TD coders. We hypothesize that adolescents with HFA have reduced verbal/nonverbal synchrony in receptive and expressive modalities, and that individuals with higher ASD symptom severity will show increased asynchrony in receptive and expressive tasks. In addition to documenting fine-grained deficits, we will also ascertain whether individuals with HFA are able to improve their productions in response to temporal-spatial cueing. This component of our proposed project will ultimately lead to improved social communication intervention by creating more clearly defined intervention targets, such as verbal/nonverbal synchrony.
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NIH - Extramural None

R01DC012774-01 Verbal/non-verbal asynchrony in adolescents with high-functioning Autism 08/01/2013 07/31/2017 70 63 EMERSON COLLEGE $1,540,526.00

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To create a new Omics, eye tracking, fMRI, or EEG experiment, press the "+ New Experiment" button. Once an experiment is created, then raw files for these types of experiments should be provided, associating the experiment – through Experiment_ID – with the metadata defined in the experiments interface.

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Shared Data

Data structures with the number of subjects submitted and shared are provided.

Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, 2nd Edition (ADOS-2) - Module 3 Clinical Assessments 10
Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, 2nd Edition (ADOS-2) - Module 4 Clinical Assessments 4
Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) Clinical Assessments 32
Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation, Straightforward Items Clinical Assessments 37
CELF-5 Clinical Assessments 37
Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test, 2nd Edition (KBIT-2) Clinical Assessments 38
Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children Parent and Self Clinical Assessments 36
Research Subject Clinical Assessments 16
Screen for Child Anxiety Related Disorders (SCARED), Parent/Child Clinical Assessments 38
Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) - Current Form Clinical Assessments 4
Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) - Lifetime Clinical Assessments 36

Collection Owners and those with Collection Administrator permission, may edit a collection. The following is currently available for Edit on this page:


Publications relevant to NDAR data are listed below. Most displayed publications have been associated with the grant within Pubmed. Use the "+ New Publication" button to add new publications. Publications relevant/not relevant to data expected are categorized. Relevant publications are then linked to the underlying data by selecting the Create Study link. Study provides the ability to define cohorts, assign subjects, define outcome measures and lists the study type, data analysis and results. Analyzed data and results are expected in this way.

PubMed IDStudyTitleJournalAuthorsDateStatus
28145411Create StudyNeurotypical Peers are Less Willing to Interact with Those with Autism based on Thin Slice Judgments.Scientific reportsSasson NJ, Faso DJ, Nugent J, Lovell S, Kennedy DP, Grossman RBFebruary 2017Relevant
28074356Study (445)How Anxious Do You Think I Am? Relationship Between State and Trait Anxiety in Children With and Without ASD During Social Tasks.Journal of autism and developmental disordersMertens J, Zane ER, Neumeyer K, Grossman RBJanuary 2017Relevant
26705397Create StudyOn Quantifying Facial Expression-Related Atypicality of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.Proceedings of the ... IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing / sponsored by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Signal Processing Society. ICASSP (Conference)Guha T, Yang Z, Ramakrishna A, Grossman RB, Darren H, Lee S, Narayanan SSApril 2015Not Determined
25620208Create Study"Look who's talking!" Gaze Patterns for Implicit and Explicit Audio-Visual Speech Synchrony Detection in Children With High-Functioning Autism.Autism research : official journal of the International Society for Autism ResearchGrossman RB, Steinhart E, Mitchell T, McIlvane WJune 2015Not Determined
25302090Create StudyQUANTIFYING ATYPICALITY IN AFFECTIVE FACIAL EXPRESSIONS OF CHILDREN WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS.Proceedings / IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo. IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and ExpoMetallinou A, Grossman RB, Narayanan S2013Not Determined
25294649Create StudyApplying machine learning to facilitate autism diagnostics: pitfalls and promises.Journal of autism and developmental disordersBone D, Goodwin MS, Black MP, Lee CC, Audhkhasi K, Narayanan SMay 2015Not Relevant
24923894Create StudyJudgments of social awkwardness from brief exposure to children with and without high-functioning autism.Autism : the international journal of research and practiceGrossman RBJuly 2015Not Determined

Relevant Publications
PubMed IDStudyTitleJournalAuthorsDate
28145411Create StudyNeurotypical Peers are Less Willing to Interact with Those with Autism based on Thin Slice Judgments.Scientific reportsSasson NJ, Faso DJ, Nugent J, Lovell S, Kennedy DP, Grossman RBFebruary 2017
Data Expected
Data ExpectedTargeted EnrollmentInitial SubmissionSubjects SharedStatus
Screen for Childhood Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED) info iconApproved
Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals (CELF) info iconApproved
Autistic Spectrum Quotient info iconApproved
Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) info iconApproved
Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC) info iconApproved
ADOS info iconApproved
Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation, Straightforward Items info iconApproved
Research Subject and Pedigree info iconApproved
Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test info iconApproved
Physical Exam info iconApproved
Eye Tracking info iconApproved
Structure not yet defined

Collection Owners and those with Collection Administrator permission, may edit a collection. The following is currently available for Edit on this page:

Associated Studies

Studies that have been defined using data from a Collection are important criteria to determine the value of data shared. The number of subjects column displays the counts from this Collection that are included in a Study, out of the total number of subjects in that study. The Data Use column represents whether or not the study is a primary analysis of the data or a secondary analysis. State indicates whether the study is private or shared with the research community.

Study Name Description Number of Subjects
Collection / Total
Data Use State
How anxious do you think I am? Relationship between state and trait anxiety in children with and without ASD during social tasks Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often exhibit increased anxiety, even in non-stressful situations. We investigate general anxiousness (anxiety trait) and responses to stressful situations (anxiety state) in 22 adolescents with ASD and 32 typically developing controls. We measured trait anxiety with standardized self- and parent-reported questionnaires. We used a Biopac system to capture state anxiety via skin conductance responses, mean heart rate and heart rate variability during high- and lowanxiety tasks. Results reveal higher trait anxiety in adolescents with ASD (p < 0.05) and no group difference in state anxiety. Increased parent-reported trait anxiety may predict decreased state anxiety during high-stress conditions. Together, these findings suggest that higher trait anxiety may result in dampened physical responses to stress. 36 / 36 Primary Analysis Shared
* Data not on individual level